What is the Organizational Units & Group policy | Windows Server

Windows Administration Part 4

Understanding Organizational Units :

Organizational units are subgroups within domains that often mirror an organization's functional or business structure. you can also think of organizational units as logical containers into which you can place accounts, shared resources, and other organizational units. for example, you could create organizational units named Human resources, IT, Engineering for the domain you could later expand this scheme to include child units. child organizational units for Marketing could include online sales, channel sales, and Print Sales.An object placed in an organizational unit can only come from the parent domain . for example organizational units associated with Seattle .com to these containers, but you could create separate organizational units to mirror the business structure of Seattle.

Understanding Sites and Subnets :

 A site is a group of computers in one or more IP Subnets. You use sites to map the physical structure of your network. Sites mappings are independent of logical domain structures and because of this, there's no necessary relationship between a network's physical structure and its logical domain structure. with Active Directory, you can create multiple domains there are also no connections between the IP address ranges used by a site and the domain namespace.

Group Policy and Active Directory :

  Purpose : 

 Group Policy enables policy-based administration using Active Directory directory Services. Group Policy uses to directory services and security groups provided to members and flexibility and supports extensive configuration information . policy settings are specified by an administrator.Policy settings are created using the Microsoft Management Console ( MMC ) snap-in for Group policy. The resultant set of policy is an enhanced group Policy infrastructure that uses windows 
Management Instrumentation.

User Configuration :

User configuration included all user-related policy settings that specify operating system behavior, Desktop Setting, Security Setting, Application Setting, Folder redirection options and user logon and logoff scripts. User related Group Policy is applied when a user logs on to the computer and during the periodic refresh cycle.

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