What is the Differnce between Local & Domain Account

Windows Server 2003 Part 3

Difference between Local and  Domain Account 

User and Group accounts are stored in one of two locations one is local account second is Domain account. the local security database or the Domain Active Directory Database. called as local or Domain User. Each Windows professional system has two default local user accounts administrator or guest ( Which is disabled by default ) and several built-in group accounts which are discussed shortly. local user accounts privilege and permissions resources of the system on which they are defined. if you have to create the local user accounts it's provided the access or permission to a local system.

Local user and group accounts cannot be given privileges or permissions to resources on any other system because the security database of the system where they are created is truly local no other system can see it. However if the username and password on the remote system are different from that on the local system, the user is prompted on the remote system is different from that on the local system, the user is prompted with an authentication dialog box when he or she first attempts to connect to the remote system.

Two or more systems that use only their own local accounts being on a network creates what is called workgroup a kind of peer - to - peer network. If the user changes his system password on one machine he or she must remember to change it such challenges would become multiplied many times over in a large workgroup with multiple users and multiple machines.

Thus, networks of any size turn to the domain model, in which one or more servers, called domain controllers, maintain a centralized database of users and groups. security accounts in a domain are stored in the domain'"s Active Directory DATAbase.

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